Coal liquefaction in nitrogen compounds
Francis J. Derbyshire, George A. Odoerfer and D. Duayne Whitehurst

Mobil Oil Corporation, Mobil Research and Development Corporation, Central Research Division, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA

July, 1983.


Model compound studies have shown that 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoline is an exceptionally good coal solvent. In the pure compound, subbituminous coal conversion to THF-soluble products approaches 100% under relatively mild reaction conditions. The effectiveness of tetrahydroquinoline for coal conversion appears to be related to its concentration relative to coal. The unique behaviour of tetrahydroquinoline is ascribed to its being a highly active H-donor; the fact that it is regenerable under reaction conditions by the reaction of hydrogen and quinoline; and that its polarity allows penetration of the coal structure and aids in dispersion of the dissolved coal. It has been found that, during reaction with coal, tetrahydroquinoline and other nitrogen compounds undergo extensive condensation reactions which result in an increase in the nitrogen content of the high boiling and non-distillable liquefaction products.

(Note: "1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoline" is also know as "Tetralin", and is the hydrogen-donor solvent specified by WVU in their "West Virginia Process" for coal liiquefaction.) 

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