http://www.nma.org/pdf/liquid_coal_fuels_100505.pdf

The document we bring to you in this dispatch originates from what is, obviously, a partisan source:

The National Mining Association (www.nma.org).

Welcome to National Mining Association; "The National Mining Association (NMA) is U.S. mining's advocate in Washington, D.C. and beyond. NMA is the only national trade organization that represents the interests of mining before Congress, the administration, federal agencies, the judiciary and the media—providing a clear voice for U.S. mining.NMA’s mission is to build support for public policies that will help America fully and responsibly utilize its coal and mineral resources."

United States Patent Application: 0120167804

We've previously documented that Coal Ash can be advantageously used in the manufacture of Gypsum Board, i.e., Wall Board, a commodity element of construction for the interiors of buildings, as in our report:

West Virginia Coal Association | Coal Fly Ash Makes Wallboard Stronger | Research & Development; concerning, in part: "United States Patent 4,403,006 - Sag-resistant Gypsum Board Containing Fly Ash; 1983; Assignee: United States Gypsum Company; Abstract: A gypsum board consisting essentially of a monolithic cellular core of set gypsum and a fiberous cover sheet encasement provided with improved properties by the gypsum core having incorporated therein coal fly ash in an amount of about 1-20% by weight of stucco in the gypsum slurry used in forming the board".

United States Patent Application: 0120245236

As we've recently been documenting, in, for just two examples:

West Virginia Coal Association | Connecticu?t and Honda 2012 CO2 and H2O to Hydrocarbo?n Fuels | Research & Development; concerning: "United States Patent Application 20120241327 - Materials and Design for an Electrocatalytic Device and Method which Produces Carbon Nanotubes and Hydrocarbon Transportation Fuels; September 27, 2012; Inventors: Steven Suib, et. al.; Assignee: The University of Connecticut and Honda Motor Company; The present teachings are directed toward an electrocatalytic cell" by use of which "liquid hydrocarbon fuels can be generated directly from feedstocks containing only carbon dioxide and water"; and:

Chinese Firm to Build Coal-to-Liquids Plant in Wyoming (SNP, ACI) - 24/7 Wall St.

We've reported to you a couple of times on the planned Medicine Bow, Wyoming, Coal liquefaction facility, or facilities, where, according to various reports, they will, in complementary and connected plants, be converting Coal into Methanol, Gasoline and Diesel fuel.

Aluminum - Fly Ash Metal Matrix Composites as Advanced Automobile Material

We've many times documented the value of Coal Ash as a mineral filler, both for plastics, as seen, for one example, in:

West Virginia Coal Association | Texas Makes Plastic Pipe with Coal Ash | Research & Development; concerning, primarily: "United States Patent Application 20020040084 - Fly Ash Filler and Polyvinyl Chloride Compositions and Conduits; 2002; Assignee: Boral Material Technologies, Inc.; Abstract: A composition comprising fly ash particles with an average particle diameter of not greater than 100 micrometers and a moisture content of not greater than 0.25 percent by weight. The compositions are useful as both a filler and a colorant in polymer containing compositions, particularly polyvinyl chloride compositions for extruding pipes and conduits. Desirably, the composition is used at a filler loading level of from about 1 to about 80 parts by weight of the fly ash per hundred parts of the polymer. Fly ash-filled polyvinyl chloride compositions containing the fly ash as described meet commercial requirements and are economically and environmentally beneficial";


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