Synthesis gas manufacture

 

In recent days, we've sent you information concerning two United States Patents: "Patent US2605174 - Synthesis Gas Manufacture; July, 1952; Assignee: Phillips Petroleum Company"  and "2,347,682 -

Hydrocarbon synthesis; May, 1944; Assignee: Standard Oil Company of Indiana".

 

Both of those documents detail and confirm that the petroleum industry and, at least as it is embodied in the Patent Office, our own United States Government knew, more than half a century ago, that Carbon Dioxide, as is emitted, relative to natural sources, such as volcanism, in a very small way by our varied and productive uses of Coal, is a valuable raw material resource.

United States Patent: 4318712

Via separate dispatch today, we are sending along report of "United States Patent 2,719,130 - Synthesis Gas Manufacture" which was assigned in 1955 to Phillips Petroleum Company, and which discloses multiple reaction pathways - utilizing Coal, Carbon Dioxide, Methane and/or Steam - for the economical production of a synthesis gas suitable for Fischer-Tropsch conversion into liquid hydrocarbons.

Herein, we see that, nearly three decades later, Exxon, with US Government certification of the fact, devised an improved, and much less expensive, set of chemical promoters, for such combined hydrocarbon synthesis gas production systems; inexpensive chemicals that made those processes more efficient and economical.

Hydrogenation liquefaction of coal employing zinc catalysts

 

We have previously submitted a number of reports detailing technologies for Coal liquefaction that are based on the use of Zinc Chloride, or other Zinc Halides, to help effect the conversion of Coal into hydrocarbon liquids and gasses.

Such technology was developed intensively, as we've documented, by Consolidation Coal Company scientists prior to, and even after, Consol's acquisition by Conoco.

Again as we have documented, such Zinc Halide technology is now being employed by the oil industry for the "cracking" of heavy crude oil and oil refinery residues.

 

United States Patent: 4318712

Via separate dispatch today, we are sending along report of "United States Patent 2,719,130 - Synthesis Gas Manufacture" which was assigned in 1955 to Phillips Petroleum Company, and which discloses multiple reaction pathways - utilizing Coal, Carbon Dioxide, Methane and/or Steam - for the economical production of a synthesis gas suitable for Fischer-Tropsch conversion into liquid hydrocarbons.

Herein, we see that, nearly three decades later, Exxon, with US Government certification of the fact, devised an improved, and much less expensive, set of chemical promoters, for such combined hydrocarbon synthesis gas production systems; inexpensive chemicals that made those processes more efficient and economical.

 

Process for producing hydrogencarbon monoxide gas mixtures

 

Since, in another, separate, dispatch we are sending along today, we document that our US Government and Standard Oil of Indiana knew, throughout WWII, that liquid hydrocarbon fuels could be made out of Carbon Dioxide, we thought to send along in this submission clear evidence that they both also knew, also during WWII and immediately thereafter, that we could make the same liquid hydrocarbons out of Coal.


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