Synthesis of organic compounds

We have already several times documented the Carbon Dioxide recycling expertise established, in decades long gone, by a former New York and New Jersey corporation, the M.W. Kellogg Company.

Our reports have included:

1940 CO2 + H2O + CH4 = Hydrocarbon Syngas | Research & Development; concerning: "United States Patent 2,198,553 - Making a Synthesis Gas Mixture of Carbon Monoxide and Hydrogen; 1940; Assignee: The M.W. Kellogg Company; Abstract: Our invention relates to a method of making synthesis gas and more particularly to a method of making a mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide having a controllable ratio of hydrogen with respect to carbon monoxide from 1:1 to 3:1 by volume. Mixtures of carbon monoxide and hydrogen are useful in synthesizing many organic compounds and these mixtures are known to the art as "synthesis gas". Synthesis gas may be made from methane, steam and carbon dioxide"; and:

http://sktk.che.itb.ac.id/indarto/book/Chapter-5.pdf

In an earlier dispatch, we reported on developments made by Exxon, wherein microwave radiation could be utilized to cleanly and efficiently drive "reforming" reactions between Methane, Carbon Dioxide and H2O, and thereby convert them all into a blend of Carbon Monoxide and Hydrogen, a synthesis gas, or "syngas", we would presume to be well-suited in composition for Fischer-Tropsch, and related, catalytic chemical condensation into hydrocarbon compounds.

Production of gas comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide

We've documented in a few previous reports, which include:

WV DuPont 1954 Coal and Steam to Hydrocarbon Syngas | Research & Development; which concerns:  "United States Patent 2,698,227 - Preparation of Synthesis Gases from Carbonaceous Solids;  1954;  Inventor: Luther Peery, et. al., Charleston, WV; Assignee: E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company; This invention relates to a process for the preparation of synthesis gases by the partial oxidation of comminuted solid carbonaceous materials, and is more particularly directed to the preparation of ... gaseous mixtures containing hydrogen and carbon monoxide by the partial oxidation of powdered coal"; and,

 

United States Patent: 4558027

We've documented the Coal gasification expertise of New York's General Electric Company in several previous reports. And, as seen in:

General Electric | Research & Development; which tells us that: "Currently, there are 65 gasification plants licensed by GE Energy in commercial operation worldwide, with an additional 20 in engineering and/or construction phases";

 

United States Patent: 5266175

We have, once or twice over the long course of our reportage, touched on yet another way in which various Carbon resources, including Coal and CO2, and co-reactants such as H2O, can be broken down into their more basic elemental and molecular constituents, so that a blend of those constituents, a "synthesis gas", can be formed; which synthesis gas can then be catalytically reacted and reconstituted into hydrocarbon compounds.

Most often, heat energy derived from the partial oxidation of Coal is utilized to drive those processes of decomposition which form the syngas; although, as we've reported, various of our USDOE National Laboratories have developed technologies that rely on heat energy derived from nuclear reactors, solar radiation and hydro-electric power to the same end.

 


West Virginia Coal Association - PO Box 3923 - Charleston, WV 25339 | 304-342-4153 | website developed by brickswithoutstraw